The Aztecs were able to settle there because no one else wanted the land. Code of Ethics. San Juan Tenochtitlan was a Spanish administrative creation, which amalgamated four indigenous sections, with each losing territory to the Spanish traza. The Spanish laid out the streets of the traza in a checker board pattern, with straight streets and plazas at intervals, whereas the indigenous portions of the city were irregular in layout and built of modest materials. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was founded by the Aztec or Mexica people around 1325 C.E. You cannot download interactives. Atop the single complex were two temples, one for Tlaloc, the god of rain, and one for Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war. To reach the province, the officers would have to travel through hostile land. [7] Teteuctin were the highest class, rulers of various parts of the empire, including the king. Bol založený v roku 1325 (alebo 1310) a z väčšej časti zničený v … The city is located in modern Mexico City. [10], Outside was the palace of Moctezuma with 100 rooms, each with its own bath, for the lords and ambassadors of allies and conquered people. The levee kept fresh spring-fed water in the waters around Tenochtitlan and kept the brackish waters beyond the dike, to the east. ][clarification needed], Cortés founded the Spanish capital of Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlan. [17], Although some popular sources put the number as high as 350,000,[18] the most common estimates of the population are of over 200,000 people. The Aztecs chose the location of the city based on seeing an eagle atop a prickly-pear cactus. The people of Tenochtitlan began to starve and weaken. These groups consist of both elite members of Aztec society and commoners. The skins, feet, and hands of captured Spaniards were sent around the country as a warning to other tribes. a barrier, usually a natural or artificial wall used to regulate water levels. Cortés estimated it was twice the size of the city of Salamanca with about 60,000 people trading daily. Here they learned that Moctezuma was supposedly the one who ordered the officers executed. Collins English Dictionary. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. The altepetl (city) was founded by the Mexica, a Nahuatl-speaking indigenous people of the Valley of Mexico, who entered the Basin of Mexico after the decline of the Toltec civilisation. The bones are from children, teenagers and adults. Information and translations of Tenochtitlan in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The resulting weight of the structures caused them to sink into the sediment of Lake Texcoco; the ruins now rest at an angle instead of horizontally. an ancient city and capital of the Aztec empire on the present site of Mexico City; razed by Cortés in 1521. Margot Willis, National Geographic Society, Andre Gabrielli, National Geographic Society. [7] In a letter to the Spanish king, Cortés wrote that Tenochtitlan was as large as Seville or Córdoba. The location of the Templo Mayor was rediscovered in the early 20th century, but major excavations did not take place until 1978–1982, after utility workers came across a massive stone disc depicting the nude dismembered body of the moon goddess Coyolxauhqui. Adding even more complexity to Aztec social stratification was the calpolli. [23], Soon after arriving in Tenochtitlan, Cortés came up against problems. Founded in 1325, it became the capital of the expanding Mexica Empire in the 15th century, until captured by the Spanish in 1521. Lake Texcoco was the largest of five interconnected lakes. [8] The calpullis were divided by channels used for transportation, with wood bridges that were removed at night. Ve své době šlo o největší město amerického … A thriving culture developed, and the Mexica civilization came to dominate other tribes around Mexico. "Tenochtitlan in the Early Colonial Period." [21], They were then brought to a large house that would serve as their home for their stay in the city. Acts of the XLII International Congress of Americanists 8, 1976 (1979) 35–40. Mijiku-Tenochtitlan (kastilla : México-Tenochtitlan, Plantilla:IPA-es), Tenochtitlan ukham uñt'atawa, ukhamarak khaysa Texcoco qutankiwa, Mexico qhirwa uraqina. "A Census of Native Middle American Pictorial Manuscripts". Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was founded by the Aztec or Mexica people around 1325 C.E. It was founded in 1325 and served as the capital until the Aztecs were conquered by Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes in 1520. They drank a beverage made from the maguey plant, which was also used to make clothes and rope. V době objevení města Evropany v 16. století žilo ve městě řádově asi sto tisíc obyvatel. In addition, they engaged in a series of alliances both with and against their neighbors; the most successful was … At this event the most prominent warriors of altepetl[clarification needed] would dance in front of a huge statue of Huitzilopochtli. [29] While the people of Tenochtitlan were celebrating, the over 60 Spaniards who were captured were sacrificed while living, and then eaten by the locals. The reconstruction involved the creation of a central area designated for Spanish use (the traza). The largest of them was Lake Texcoco. The leader of the conquistadors, Hernan Cortés, began the construction of what is now known as Mexico City among the ruins. The membership of this class was based on heredity. Tenochtitlan (iné názvy pozri nižšie) bolo hlavné mesto Aztéckej ríše v strede dnešného hlavného mesta Mexika. (1519) erlebte. Tenochtitlan bol pôvodne vybudovaný na dvoch malých ostrovoch v jazere Texcoco v centrálnom Mexiku. During this migration priests had carried a huge idol of the god Huitzilopochtli, who whispered directions, gave the Méxica their name and promised great wealth and prosperity if he was suitably worshipped. [36] Anthropologist Susan Kellogg has studied colonial-era inheritance patterns of Nahuas in Mexico City, using Nahuatl- and Spanish-language testaments. The Mexica saw this vision on what was then a small swampy island in Lake Texcoco, a vision that is now immortalized in Mexico's coat of arms and on the Mexican flag. [8] Having gained control, he then directed the systematic destruction and leveling of the city;[28] and began its rebuilding, despite opposition. 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